Risk in Time and Space is the central theme of the SRA-Ε Athens 2024. Variability of risks in time and space is one of the most challenging elements. All types of risks (socio-natural, NATECH, technological or other man-induced) are space and time dependent regardless of their hazard origin.

Variability of risks in time and space is associated to variability of their components: hazard, exposure, vulnerability, sensitivity, resilience and adaptive/coping capacity. Hazard variability and unpredictability is mostly evident in the case of climatic and meteorological hazards showing not only unexpected changes over time but also variations between one place and another. Exposure is, indeed, increasing not only because of intensification and higher frequency of certain extreme events but expanding spatial development as well and constant mobility / flows of potentially exposed elements (people, goods and services, investment capital etc.). Regarding vulnerability and resilience/adaptive capacity these are probably the most volatile properties of the exposed entities. Indeed, complex processes of vulnerability transformation, transference and interaction amongst the several vulnerability facets (human, social, economic, institutional, physical) unfold in time and space.

Not only scientific and objective but perceived and subjective risks also are time and space dependent because communities change in the course of their development history and they are featured by different risk experiences, risk knowledge, risk culture, levels of acceptable and tolerable risk and risk governance patterns. 

We welcome contributions related to risk assessment, risk characterization, risk perception, risk communication, risk management, risk governance, and policy relating to risk. All hazards and consequent risks for individuals, public and private sector organizations, and communities at local, national, regional, or global levels are of concern while the emphasis is on risk variations as well as risk management and risk governance transformations and differences in time and space.